The mining sector in Cambodia is mostly undeveloped, and active mining enterprises are typically small-scale quarries producing materials for construction, such as laterite, marble, granite, limestone, gravel and sand. There are also thousands of artisanal miners recovering gold and gemstones, often on a seasonal or part-time basis. There is no industrial-scale extraction of minerals, although many exploration licenses have been granted to mining companies and some have reported promising finds of gold. The mining law states that all mining in “national cultural, historical and heritage sites” is prohibited, and mining activities in “protected, reserved or restricted” areas can only be carried out with written permission of the authority responsible. The 2002 Law on Forestry allows mining within the permanent forest estate, however, any proposed mining operation must be the subject of a ‘prior study-evaluation’ by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF). The legality of mining operations on lands traditionally managed by indigenous people requires clarification. This dataset contains data for mining licenses in Cambodia with contract dates starting from 1995 to 2014. Due to the lack of publicly available information, this dataset does not include information on implementation status of mines or change in ownership of mining licenses. Open Development Cambodia collected the data from a variety of public domain sources such as the government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), research institutes, company websites, and news reports.

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